Proposed Learning Journeys
So what do you make out of this? Where should you start? Depending on your background, you should develop your own plan for your learning journey.
As an algorithmic expert
If you're coming from a background like Machine Learning, Statistics of Mathematics you probably feel comfortable explaining the L2 regularization or the difference between level-wise tree growth vs. leaf-wise tree growth for boosted decision trees. But still, being a data scientists requires much more.
As a Business Expert / Subject Matter Expert
As a mangager
If you are a manager and feel the need you'd like to have all those buzz words disentangled, you won't need (nor have) an awful lot of time.